The Toll-like receptor 9 ligand CPG-C attenuates acute inflammatory cardiac dysfunction.

TitleThe Toll-like receptor 9 ligand CPG-C attenuates acute inflammatory cardiac dysfunction.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2011
AuthorsMathur, S, Walley, KR, Boyd, JH
Date Published2011 Nov
KeywordsAnimals, Echocardiography, Inflammation, Lipopolysaccharides, Male, Mice, Mice, Inbred C57BL, Myocardial Infarction, Myocardial Reperfusion Injury, Myocytes, Cardiac, NF-kappa B, Oligodeoxyribonucleotides, Toll-Like Receptor 9

Stimulation of toll-like receptor 9 (TLR9) by CpG-C containing oligonucleotides attenuates ischemic injury in the brain and liver. In this study, we investigate whether any of the three classes of CpG (A, B, or C) mitigate ischemia-induced cardiac dysfunction. We measured left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) in C57BL/6 mice using transthoracic echocardiography. Using LPS as an inflammatory stimulus, CpG-C was uniquely able to prevent cardiac dysfunction; its activity was confirmed through nuclear factor κB transcriptional activity assay in HL-1 cardiomyocytes. We went on to investigate CpG-C's efficacy and mechanism in the treatment of ischemia-reperfusion. Compared with baseline, no class of CpG significantly altered LVEF at 6 or 24 h; 40 mg/kg LPS induced a rapid, profound suppression of LVEF compared with baseline (26% ± 1.4% vs. 65% ± 1.4%), whereas pretreatment with CpG demonstrated that of the three classes, only CpG-C prevented the LPS -induced decrease in LVEF (51% ± 5.8%). In separate mice, 1-h ischemia followed by reperfusion of the left anterior descending artery resulted in a 7-day suppression of the LVEF (66% ± 5.2% at baseline; 46% ± 4.7% at day 1, and 46% ± 4.0% at day 7), whereas mice either pretreated with or begun on an infusion of CpG-C during the ischemia had no significant decline in LVEF. Gene expression microarray of CpG-C-stimulated cells revealed upregulation of the nuclear factor κB pathway inhibitors TNFAIP3, NFKBIA, TRIM30, and TNIP1. These may play a role in attenuation of cardiac inflammation. The TLR9 ligand CpG-C attenuates the acute inflammatory cardiac dysfunction induced by both LPS and ischemia-reperfusion of the left anterior descending artery.

Alternate JournalShock
PubMed ID21937956
Grant List / / Canadian Institutes of Health Research / Canada