|Title||Qualitative and quantitative assessment of smoking-related lung disease: effect of iterative reconstruction on low-dose computed tomographic examinations.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2014|
|Authors||Hague, CJ, Krowchuk, N, Alhassan, D, Ho, K, Leipsic, J, Sin, DD, Mayo, JR, Coxson, HO|
|Journal||J Thorac Imaging|
|Date Published||2014 Nov|
PURPOSE: The purpose of this research is to examine the role that differing levels of adaptive statistical iterative reconstruction (ASIR) have on the qualitative and quantitative assessment of smoking-related lung disease.MATERIALS AND METHODS: Institutional board review approval was obtained. A total of 52 patients undergoing clinically indicated low-dose computed tomographic (CT) examinations of the chest (100 kVp, 65 mAs, mean radiation dose 1.0±0.12 mSv), with reconstruction of data with different levels of blended ASIR (0%, 40%, and 100%), were consented. Qualitative assessment of CT data sets was performed by 2 trained thoracic radiologists blinded to clinical history, spirometry, and quantitative data for the presence of emphysema (%/lung zone) and the degree of respiratory bronchiolitis. Quantitative analysis was performed (Apollo Image analysis, VIDA Diagnostics) to assess emphysema and airway measures of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.RESULTS: The application of ASIR results in alterations in both qualitative and quantitative assessment of smoking-related lung disease. As levels of ASIR increased, both readers scored more respiratory bronchiolitis (P<0.05). At increased levels of ASIR (ie, 100% vs. 0%), the amount of emphysema measured (% below -950 HU) decreased, the number of airways measured diminished, and the airway thickness (Pi10mm) increased (P<0.001).CONCLUSIONS: The use of ASIR alters both the qualitative and quantitative assessment of smoking-related lung disease. Although a powerful tool to allow dose reduction, caution must be exercised when iterative reconstruction techniques are utilized when evaluating CT examinations for findings of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
|Alternate Journal||J Thorac Imaging|