NBR1 Is Dispensable for PARK2-Mediated Mitophagy Regardless of the Presence or Absence of SQSTM1

TitleNBR1 Is Dispensable for PARK2-Mediated Mitophagy Regardless of the Presence or Absence of SQSTM1
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2015
AuthorsShi, J, Fung, G, Deng, H, Zhang, J, Fiesel, FC, Springer, W, Li, X, Luo, H
JournalCell Death and Differentiation
Volume6
Issue10
Paginatione1943
Date Published10/2015
ISSNPrint: 1350-9047; Online: 1476-5403
Abstract

Degradation of malfunctional mitochondria by mitophagy is a pivotal component of mitochondrial quality control to maintain cellular homeostasis. Mitochondrial clearance through the PINK1/PARK2 pathway is mediated by autophagic adaptor proteins. Previous studies revealed a significant involvement, but not an absolute requirement for SQSTM1 in PARK2-dependent mitophagy, suggesting that the existence of redundant adaptor proteins may compensate for the loss of SQSTM1. Here we investigated whether NBR1, a functional homolog of SQSTM1, has a role in PARK2-mediated mitophagy, either alone or as a compensatory mechanism. We showed that NBR1 does not appear to be required for mitochondrial clustering following mitochondrial depolarization. Moreover, we demonstrated that deletion of NBR1 alone or in combination with SQSTM1 does not prevent the degradation of damaged mitochondria. Our data suggest that NBR1 is dispensable for PARK2-dependent mitophagy and additional autophagic adaptor proteins, other than NBR1, are responsible for mitochondrial degradation in cells depleted of SQSTM1.

DOI10.1038/cddis.2015.278