|Title||Myosin filament assembly in an ever-changing myofilament lattice of smooth muscle.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2005|
|Journal||Am J Physiol Cell Physiol|
|Date Published||2005 Dec|
|Keywords||Actin Cytoskeleton, Animals, Calmodulin-Binding Proteins, Microfilament Proteins, Muscle Contraction, Muscle, Smooth, Myosins|
A major development in smooth muscle research in recent years is the recognition that the myofilament lattice of the muscle is malleable. The malleability appears to stem from plastic rearrangement of contractile and cytoskeletal filaments in response to stress and strain exerted on the muscle cell, and it allows the muscle to adapt to a wide range of cell lengths and maintain optimal contractility. Although much is still poorly understood, we have begun to comprehend some of the basic mechanisms underlying the assembly and disassembly of contractile and cytoskeletal filaments in smooth muscle during the process of adaptation to large changes in cell geometry. One factor that likely facilitates the plastic length adaptation is the ability of myosin filaments to form and dissolve at the right place and the right time within the myofilament lattice. It is proposed herein that formation of myosin filaments in vivo is aided by the various filament-stabilizing proteins, such as caldesmon, and that the thick filament length is determined by the dimension of the actin filament lattice. It is still an open question as to how the dimension of the dynamic filament lattice is regulated. In light of the new perspective of malleable myofilament lattice in smooth muscle, the roles of many smooth muscle proteins could be assigned or reassigned in the context of plastic reorganization of the contractile apparatus and cytoskeleton.
|Alternate Journal||Am. J. Physiol., Cell Physiol.|