Low prevalence of type 2 diabetes mellitus among patients with high levels of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol.

TitleLow prevalence of type 2 diabetes mellitus among patients with high levels of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsJuren, AJ, Sarwal, G, Al-Sarraf, A, Vrablik, M, Chan, D, Humphries, KH, Frohlich, JJ
JournalJ Clin Lipidol
Volume7
Issue3
Pagination194-8
Date Published2013 May-Jun
ISSN1933-2874
KeywordsAdult, Aged, Cholesterol, Cholesterol, HDL, Coronary Artery Disease, Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2, Dyslipidemias, Female, Humans, Male, Middle Aged
Abstract

BACKGROUND: Diabetes mellitus and low levels of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) are among several known risk factors for coronary artery disease. Recent research has shown potential mechanistic links between these two diseases.OBJECTIVES: The aim of our study was to characterize, by examining particular coronary artery disease risk factors, patients with extremely high and low levels of HDL-C who were referred to a prevention clinic.METHODS: We compared the phenotypes of 113 patients with HDL-C levels greater than the 90th percentile with 212 patients with levels less than the 10th percentile by using a retrospective chart review.RESULTS: The cohort with high HDL-C had a remarkable difference in the incidence of type 2 diabetes (1.8% vs 21.7%). The high HDL-C cohort also had a greater age (52.1 years vs 46.7 years), more light or moderate alcohol consumption (70.8% vs 49.4%), more healthy diet (30.1% vs 22.4%), more light or moderate exercise (90.8% vs 52.2%), and a lower body mass index (25.2 kg/m² vs 28.1 kg/m²).CONCLUSIONS: Compared with the low HDL-C group--and also the general population--the high HDL-C cohort had a remarkably low prevalence of diabetes mellitus.

DOI10.1016/j.jacl.2013.02.003
Alternate JournalJ Clin Lipidol
PubMed ID23725918