Interplay between the Virus and the Ubiquitin-Proteasome System: Molecular Mechanism of Viral Pathogenesis

TitleInterplay between the Virus and the Ubiquitin-Proteasome System: Molecular Mechanism of Viral Pathogenesis
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsLuo, H
JournalCurrent Opinion in Virology
Volume17
Pagination1-10
Date Published04/2016
ISSN1879-6257
Abstract

The ubiquitin-proteasome system (UPS) plays a central role in a wide range of fundamental cellular functions by ensuring protein quality control and through maintaining a critical level of important regulatory proteins. Viruses subvert or manipulate this cellular machinery to favor viral propagation and to evade host immune response. The UPS serves as a double-edged sword in viral pathogenesis: on the one hand, the UPS is utilized by many viruses to maintain proper function and level of viral proteins; while on the other hand, the UPS constitutes a host defense mechanism to eliminate viral components. To combat this host anti-viral machinery, viruses have evolved to employ the UPS to degrade or inactivate cellular proteins that limit viral growth. This review will highlight our current knowledge pertaining to the different roles for the UPS in viral pathogenesis.

DOI10.1016/j.coviro.2015.09.005