Impact of emphysema and airway wall thickness on quality of life in smoking-related COPD.

TitleImpact of emphysema and airway wall thickness on quality of life in smoking-related COPD.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsGietema, HA, Edwards, LD, Coxson, HO, Bakke, PS
Corporate AuthorsECLIPSE Investigators
JournalRespir Med
Volume107
Issue8
Pagination1201-9
Date Published2013 Aug
ISSN1532-3064
KeywordsAdult, Aged, Bronchi, Bronchial Diseases, Cohort Studies, Female, Forced Expiratory Volume, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive, Pulmonary Emphysema, Quality of Life, Smoking, Tomography, X-Ray Computed, Vital Capacity
Abstract

BACKGROUND: Limited data are available as to the relationship between computed tomography (CT) derived data on emphysema and airway wall thickness, and quality of life in subjects with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Such data may work to clarify the clinical correlate of the CT findings.METHODS: We included 1778 COPD subjects aged 40-75 years with a smoking history of at least 10 pack-years. They were examined with St George's Respiratory Questionnaire (SGRQ-C) and high-resolution chest CT. Level of emphysema was assessed as percent low-attenuation areas less than -950 Hounsfield units (%LAA). Airway wall thickness was estimated by calculating the square root of wall area of an imaginary airway with an internal perimeter of 10 mm (Pi10).RESULTS: In both men and women, the mean total score and most of the subscores of SGRQ-C increased with increasing level of emphysema and increasing level of airway wall thickness, after adjusting for age, smoking status, pack years, body mass index and FEV1. The highest gradient was seen in the relationship between the activity score and the emphysema level. The activity score increased by 35% from the lowest to the highest emphysema tertile. The relationship between level of emphysema and the total SGRQ-C score became weaker with increasing GOLD (Global initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease) stages (p < 0.001), while the impact of gender was limited.CONCLUSION: In subjects with COPD, increasing levels of emphysema and airway wall thickness are independently related to impaired quality of life.

DOI10.1016/j.rmed.2013.04.016
Alternate JournalRespir Med
PubMed ID23711580