Hedgehog signaling in the airway epithelium of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

TitleHedgehog signaling in the airway epithelium of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2019
AuthorsTam, A, Hughes, M, McNagny, KM, Obeidat, M, Hackett, TL, Leung, JM, Shaipanich, T, Dorscheid, D, Singhera, GK, Yang, CWT, Paré, PD, Hogg, JC, Nickle, D, Sin, D
JournalScientific Reports
Volume9
Issue1
Start Page3353
Date Published03/2019
Abstract

Genome-wide association studies have linked gene variants of the receptor patched homolog 1 (PTCH1) with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). However, its biological role in the disease is unclear. Our objective was to determine the expression pattern and biological role of PTCH1 in the lungs of patients with COPD. Airway epithelial-specific PTCH1 protein expression and epithelial morphology were assessed in lung tissues of control and COPD patients. PTCH1 mRNA expression was measured in bronchial epithelial cells obtained from individuals with and without COPD. The effects of PTCH1 siRNA knockdown on epithelial repair and mucous expression were evaluated using human epithelial cell lines. Ptch1+/- mice were used to assess the effect of decreased PTCH1 on mucous expression and airway epithelial phenotypes. Airway epithelial-specific PTCH1 protein expression was significantly increased in subjects with COPD compared to controls, and its expression was associated with total airway epithelial cell count and thickness. PTCH1 knockdown attenuated wound closure and mucous expression in airway epithelial cell lines. Ptch1+/- mice had reduced mucous expression compared to wildtype mice following mucous induction. PTCH1 protein is up-regulated in COPD airway epithelium and may upregulate mucous expression. PTCH1 provides a novel target to reduce chronic bronchitis in COPD patients.

DOI10.1038/s41598-019-40045-3