Genome-wide association study and meta-analysis in multiple populations identifies new loci for peanut allergy and establishes c11orf30/EMSY as a genetic risk factor for food allergy

TitleGenome-wide association study and meta-analysis in multiple populations identifies new loci for peanut allergy and establishes c11orf30/EMSY as a genetic risk factor for food allergy
Publication TypeJournal
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsAsai, Y, Eslami, A, van Ginkel, C, Akhabir, L, Wan, M, Ellis, G, Ben-Shoshan, M, Martino, D, Ferreira, MA, Allen, K, Mazer, B, de Groot, H, de Jong, NW, van Wijk, RG, Dubois, AE, Chin, R, Cheuk, S, Hoffman, J, Jorgenson, E, Witte, JS, Melles, RB, Hon, X, Wang, X, Hui, J, Musk, AW, Hunter, M, James, AL, Koppelmann, GH, Sandford, AJ, Clarke, AE, Daley, D
Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Peanut allergy (PA) is a complex disease with both environmental and genetic risk factors. Previously, PA loci were identified in filaggrin (FLG) and HLA in candidate gene studies, and loci in HLA were identified in a genome-wide association study and meta-analysis.

OBJECTIVE:

We sought to investigate genetic susceptibility to PA.

METHODS:

Eight hundred fifty cases and 926 hyper-control subjects and more than 7.8 million genotyped and imputed single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were analyzed in a genome-wide association study to identify susceptibility variants for PA in the Canadian population. A meta-analysis of 2 phenotypes (PA and food allergy) was conducted by using 7 studies from the Canadian, American (n = 2), Australian, German, and Dutch (n = 2) populations.

RESULTS:

An SNP near integrin α6 (ITGA6) reached genome-wide significance with PA (P = 1.80 × 10-8), whereas SNPs associated with Src kinase-associated phosphoprotein 1 (SKAP1), matrix metallopeptidase 12 (MMP12)/MMP13, catenin α3 (CTNNA3), rho GTPase-activating protein 24 (ARHGAP24), angiopoietin 4 (ANGPT4), chromosome 11 open reading frame (C11orf30/EMSY), and exocyst complex component 4 (EXOC4) reached a threshold suggestive of association (P ≤ 1.49 × 10-6). In the meta-analysis of PA, loci in or near ITGA6, ANGPT4, MMP12/MMP13, C11orf30, and EXOC4 were significant (P ≤ 1.49 × 10-6). When a phenotype of any food allergy was used for meta-analysis, the C11orf30 locus reached genome-wide significance (P = 7.50 × 10-11), whereas SNPs associated with ITGA6, ANGPT4, MMP12/MMP13, and EXOC4 and additional C11orf30 SNPs were suggestive (P ≤ 1.49 × 10-6). Functional annotation indicated that SKAP1 regulates expression of CBX1, which colocalizes with the EMSY protein coded by C11orf30.

CONCLUSION:

This study identifies multiple novel loci as risk factors for PA and food allergy and establishes C11orf30 as a risk locus for both PA and food allergy. Multiple genes (C11orf30/EMSY, SKAP1, and CTNNA3) identified by this study are involved in epigenetic regulation of gene expression.

DOI10.1016/j.jaci.2017.09.015