|Title||The effect of glucocorticoids on the expression of L-selectin on polymorphonuclear leukocyte.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||1999|
|Authors||Nakagawa, M, Bondy, GP, Waisman, D, Minshall, D, Hogg, JC, van Eeden, SF|
|Date Published||1999 Apr 15|
|Keywords||Animals, Bone Marrow Cells, Dexamethasone, Female, Gene Expression Regulation, Glucocorticoids, Kinetics, L-Selectin, Neutrophils, Rabbits, Time Factors|
When active bone marrow release is induced by inflammatory stimuli, it is associated with an increase in L-selectin expression on circulating polymorphonuclear leukocyte (PMN). This contrasts sharply with glucocorticoid-induced granulocytosis that is associated with decreased L-selectin expression on PMN. The present study was designed to determine if the reduced L-selectin expression observed after glucocorticoid treatment is the result of suppression of L-selectin synthesis in the bone marrow. New Zealand white rabbits treated with dexamethasone (2.0 mg/kg, a single dose intravenously) were shown to have decreased L-selectin expression on circulating PMN 12 to 24 hours after treatment (P <.01) with a return to baseline levels by 48 hours. When dexamethasone was administered 48 hours after the bone marrow PMN were pulse labeled with the thymidine analogue, 5'-bromo-2'-deoxyuridine (BrdU), L-selectin expression on BrdU-labeled PMN released from the bone marrow was decreased (P <.01). Dexamethasone decreased L-selectin expression on segmented PMN in the bone marrow (P <.05) but not on PMN already in the circulation. We conclude that glucocorticoids decrease L-selectin expression on circulating PMN by downregulating L-selectin expression in the maturation pool of bone marrow and speculate that this is an important glucocorticoid effect that influences the recruitment of PMN into inflammatory sites.