Diagnostic Performance of Noninvasive Fractional Flow Reserve Derived From Coronary Computed Tomography Angiography in Suspected Coronary Artery Disease: The NXT Trial (Analysis of Coronary Blood Flow Using CT Angiography: Next Steps)

TitleDiagnostic Performance of Noninvasive Fractional Flow Reserve Derived From Coronary Computed Tomography Angiography in Suspected Coronary Artery Disease: The NXT Trial (Analysis of Coronary Blood Flow Using CT Angiography: Next Steps)
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsNørgaard, BL, Leipsic, J, Gaur, S, Seneviratne, S, Ko, BS, Ito, H, Jensen, JM, Mauri, L, De Bruyne, B, Bezerra, H, Osawa, K, Marwan, M, Naber, C, Erglis, A, Park, S-J, Christiansen, EH, Kaltoft, A, Lassen, JF, Bøtker, HE, Achenbach, S
JournalJournal of the American College of Cardiology
Volume63
Issue12
Start Page1145-1155
Abstract

Objectives

The goal of this study was to determine the diagnostic performance of noninvasive fractional flow reserve (FFR) derived from standard acquired coronary computed tomography angiography (CTA) datasets (FFRCT) for the diagnosis of myocardial ischemia in patients with suspected stable coronary artery disease (CAD).

Background

FFR measured during invasive coronary angiography (ICA) is the gold standard for lesion-specific coronary revascularization decisions in patients with stable CAD. The potential for FFRCT to noninvasively identify ischemia in patients with suspected CAD has not been sufficiently investigated.

Methods

This prospective multicenter trial included 254 patients scheduled to undergo clinically indicated ICA for suspected CAD. Coronary CTA was performed before ICA. Evaluation of stenosis (>50% lumen reduction) in coronary CTA was performed by local investigators and in ICA by an independent core laboratory. FFRCT was calculated and interpreted in a blinded fashion by an independent core laboratory. Results were compared with invasively measured FFR, with ischemia defined as FFRCT or FFR ≤0.80.

Results

The area under the receiver-operating characteristic curve for FFRCT was 0.90 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.87 to 0.94) versus 0.81 (95% CI: 0.76 to 0.87) for coronary CTA (p = 0.0008). Per-patient sensitivity and specificity (95% CI) to identify myocardial ischemia were 86% (95% CI: 77% to 92%) and 79% (95% CI: 72% to 84%) for FFRCT versus 94% (86 to 97) and 34% (95% CI: 27% to 41%) for coronary CTA, and 64% (95% CI: 53% to 74%) and 83% (95% CI: 77% to 88%) for ICA, respectively. In patients (n = 235) with intermediate stenosis (95% CI: 30% to 70%), the diagnostic accuracy of FFRCT remained high.

Conclusions

FFRCT provides high diagnostic accuracy and discrimination for the diagnosis of hemodynamically significant CAD with invasive FFR as the reference standard. When compared with anatomic testing by using coronary CTA, FFRCT led to a marked increase in specificity. (HeartFlowNXT–HeartFlow Analysis of Coronary Blood Flow Using Coronary CT Angiography [HFNXT]; NCT01757678)

DOI10.1016/j.jacc.2013.11.043