Cholesterol esterification and atherogenic index of plasma correlate with lipoprotein size and findings on coronary angiography.

TitleCholesterol esterification and atherogenic index of plasma correlate with lipoprotein size and findings on coronary angiography.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2011
AuthorsDobiásová, M, Frohlich, J, Sedová, M, Cheung, MC, B Brown, G
JournalJ Lipid Res
Date Published2011 Mar
KeywordsAntioxidants, Apolipoproteins B, Atherosclerosis, Cholesterol, Coronary Angiography, Coronary Stenosis, Drug Combinations, Esterification, Humans, Lipoproteins, Niacin, Particle Size, Simvastatin

We examined the association between rate of cholesterol esterification in plasma depleted of apolipoprotein B-containing lipoproteins (FER(HDL)), atherogenic index of plasma (AIP) [(log (TG/HDL-C)], concentrations, and size of lipoproteins and changes in coronary artery stenosis in participants in the HDL-Atherosclerosis Treatment Study. A total of 160 patients was treated with simvastatin (S), niacin (N), antioxidants (A) and placebo (P) in four regimens. FER(HDL) was measured using a radioassay; the size and concentration of lipoprotein subclasses were determined by nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. The S+N and S+N+A therapy decreased AIP and FER(HDL), reduced total VLDL (mostly the large and medium size particles), decreased total LDL particles (mostly the small size), and increased total HDL particles (mostly the large size). FER(HDL) and AIP correlated negatively with particle sizes of HDL and LDL, positively with VLDL particle size, and closely with each other (r = 0.729). Changes in the proportions of small and large lipoprotein particles, which were reflected by FER(HDL) and AIP, corresponded with findings on coronary angiography. Logistic regression analysis of the changes in the coronary stenosis showed that probability of progression was best explained by FER(HDL) (P = 0.005). FER(HDL) and AIP reflect the actual composition of the lipoprotein spectrum and thus predict both the cardiovascular risk and effectiveness of therapy. AIP is already available for use in clinical practice as it can be readily calculated from the routine lipid profile.

Alternate JournalJ. Lipid Res.
PubMed ID21224290
PubMed Central IDPMC3035693
Grant ListDK17047 / DK / NIDDK NIH HHS / United States
DK35816 / DK / NIDDK NIH HHS / United States
HL49546 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States