|Title||Cardiac ICAM-1 mediates leukocyte-dependent decreased ventricular contractility in endotoxemic mice.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2006|
|Authors||Davani, EY, Boyd, JH, Dorscheid, DR, Wang, Y, Meredith, A, Chau, E, Singhera, GK, Walley, KR|
|Date Published||2006 Oct 1|
|Keywords||Animals, Cyclophosphamide, Extracellular Fluid, Fibrinogen, Gene Expression, Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-1, Leukocyte Count, Leukocytes, Lipopolysaccharides, Mice, Mice, Inbred C57BL, Mice, Knockout, Myocardium, Sepsis, Signal Transduction, Ventricular Dysfunction, Left|
OBJECTIVE: Binding of ICAM-1 expressed on cardiomyocytes decreases cardiomyocyte contractility in vitro by altering the intracellular Ca2+ transient. We tested the hypothesis that signaling via ICAM-1 contributes to decreased left ventricular contractility in an in vivo model of systemic inflammation.
METHODS: C57B6 wild-type mice and ICAM-1 knock-out mice were treated with intraperitoneal lipopolysaccharide (LPS) then left ventricular contractility was measured 6 h later using a volume-conductance micromanometer catheter. We repeated this experiment in chimeric mice lacking ICAM-1 expression in bone marrow-derived cells (M-) and/or lacking ICAM-1 expression in the heart and other tissues (H-).
RESULTS: In C57B6 wild-type mice LPS injection significantly increased cardiac ICAM-1 expression and decreased in vivo measures of left ventricular contractility (end-systolic elastance, Ees decreased 58 +/- 4%, p < 0.05, [dP/dtmax]/EDV decreased 60 +/- 6%, p < 0.05). Cyclophosphamide pretreatment to decrease leukocyte count prevented the LPS-induced decrease in contractility. In ICAM-1 knock-out mice LPS did not decrease any measure of contractility. LPS did not decrease left ventricular contractility in M+/H- mice but decreased contractility in M+/H+ and M-/H+ mice to the same extent as in C57B6 wild-type mice implicating the importance of cardiac ICAM-1.
CONCLUSIONS: We conclude that signaling via cardiac ICAM-1 is necessary to mediate leukocyte-dependent decreases of left ventricular contractility in endotoxemic mice.
|Alternate Journal||Cardiovasc. Res.|