Asthma and genes encoding components of the vitamin D pathway.

TitleAsthma and genes encoding components of the vitamin D pathway.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2009
AuthorsBossé, Y, Lemire, M, Poon, AH, Daley, D, He, J-Q, Sandford, A, White, JH, James, AL, Musk, AWilliam, Palmer, LJ, Raby, BA, Weiss, ST, Kozyrskyj, AL, Becker, A, Hudson, TJ, Laprise, C
JournalRespir Res
Volume10
Pagination98
Date Published2009
ISSN1465-993X
KeywordsAdolescent, Adult, Antigens, CD86, Asthma, Australia, Canada, Child, Cholestanetriol 26-Monooxygenase, Female, Gene Frequency, Genetic Association Studies, Genetic Predisposition to Disease, Humans, Interleukin-10, Linkage Disequilibrium, Logistic Models, Male, Middle Aged, Models, Genetic, Phenotype, Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide, Receptors, Cell Surface, Risk Assessment, Risk Factors, Signal Transduction, Steroid Hydroxylases, United States, Vitamin D, Vitamin D3 24-Hydroxylase, Young Adult
Abstract

BACKGROUND: Genetic variants at the vitamin D receptor (VDR) locus are associated with asthma and atopy. We hypothesized that polymorphisms in other genes of the vitamin D pathway are associated with asthma or atopy.METHODS: Eleven candidate genes were chosen for this study, five of which code for proteins in the vitamin D metabolism pathway (CYP27A1, CYP27B1, CYP2R1, CYP24A1, GC) and six that are known to be transcriptionally regulated by vitamin D (IL10, IL1RL1, CD28, CD86, IL8, SKIIP). For each gene, we selected a maximally informative set of common SNPs (tagSNPs) using the European-derived (CEU) HapMap dataset. A total of 87 SNPs were genotyped in a French-Canadian family sample ascertained through asthmatic probands (388 nuclear families, 1064 individuals) and evaluated using the Family Based Association Test (FBAT) program. We then sought to replicate the positive findings in four independent samples: two from Western Canada, one from Australia and one from the USA (CAMP).RESULTS: A number of SNPs in the IL10, CYP24A1, CYP2R1, IL1RL1 and CD86 genes were modestly associated with asthma and atopy (p < 0.05). Two-gene models testing for both main effects and the interaction were then performed using conditional logistic regression. Two-gene models implicating functional variants in the IL10 and VDR genes as well as in the IL10 and IL1RL1 genes were associated with asthma (p < 0.0002). In the replicate samples, SNPs in the IL10 and CYP24A1 genes were again modestly associated with asthma and atopy (p < 0.05). However, the SNPs or the orientation of the risk alleles were different between populations. A two-gene model involving IL10 and VDR was replicated in CAMP, but not in the other populations.CONCLUSION: A number of genes involved in the vitamin D pathway demonstrate modest levels of association with asthma and atopy. Multilocus models testing genes in the same pathway are potentially more effective to evaluate the risk of asthma, but the effects are not uniform across populations.

DOI10.1186/1465-9921-10-98
Alternate JournalRespir. Res.
PubMed ID19852851
PubMed Central IDPMC2779188
Grant ListK08 HL074193 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
P01 HL083069 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
R01 HL 086601 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
T32 HL07427 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
U01 HL075419 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
U01 HL65899 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
/ / Canadian Institutes of Health Research / Canada