3-Dimensional Aortic Annular Assessment by Multidetector Computed Tomography Predicts Moderate or Severe Paravalvular Regurgitation After Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement: A Multicenter Retrospective Analysis

Title3-Dimensional Aortic Annular Assessment by Multidetector Computed Tomography Predicts Moderate or Severe Paravalvular Regurgitation After Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement: A Multicenter Retrospective Analysis
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2012
AuthorsWilson, AB, Webb, JG, LaBounty, TM, Achenbach, S, Moss, R, Wheeler, M, Thompson, C, Min, JK, Gurvitch, R, Nørgaard, B, Hague, CJ, Toggweiler, S, Binder, R, Freeman, M, Poulter, R, Poulsen, S, Wood, DA, Leipsic, J
JournalJournal of the American College of Cardiology
Volume59
Issue14
Start Page1287-1294
Abstract

Objectives

This study sought to analyze multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) 3-dimensional aortic annular dimensions for the prediction of paravalvular aortic regurgitation (PAR) following transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR).

Background

Moderate or severe PAR after TAVR is associated with increased morbidity and mortality.

Methods

A total of 109 consecutive patients underwent MDCT pre-TAVR with a balloon expandable aortic valve. Differences between transcatheter heart valve (THV) size and MDCT measures of annular size (mean diameter, area, and circumference) were analyzed concerning prediction of PAR. Patients with THV malposition (n = 7) were excluded. In 50 patients, MDCT was repeated after TAVR to assess THV eccentricity (1 – short diameter/long diameter) and expansion (MDCT measured THV area/nominal THV area).

Results

Moderate or severe PAR (13 of 102) was associated with THV undersizing (THV diameter – mean diameter = –0.7 ± 1.4 mm vs. 0.9 ± 1.8 mm for trivial to mild PAR, p < 0.01). The difference between THV size and MDCT annular size was predictive of PAR (mean diameter: area under the curve [AUC]: 0.81, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.68 to 0.88; area: AUC: 0.80, 95% CI: 0.65 to 0.90; circumference: AUC: 0.76, 95% CI: 0.59 to 0.91). Annular eccentricity was not associated with PAR (AUC: 0.58, 95% CI: 0.46 to 0.75). We found that 35.3% (36 of 102) and 45.1% (46 of 102) of THVs were undersized relative to the MDCT mean diameter and area, respectively. THV oversizing relative to the annular area was not associated with THV eccentricity or underexpansion (oversized vs. undersized THVs; expansion: 102.7 ± 5.3% vs. 106.1 ± 5.6%, p = 0.03; eccentricity: median: 1.7% [interquartile range: 1.4% to 3.0%] vs. 1.7% [interquartile range: 1.1% to 2.7%], p = 0.28).

Conclusions

MDCT-derived 3-dimensional aortic annular measurements are predictive of moderate or severe PAR following TAVR. Oversizing of THVs may reduce the risk of moderate or severe PAR.

DOI10.1016/j.jacc.2011.12.015